Document worth reading: “Unsupervised Pre-training for Natural Language Generation: A Literature Review”

Recently, unsupervised pre-training is gaining increasing popularity in the realm of computational linguistics, thanks to its surprising success in advancing natural language understanding (NLU) and the potential to effectively exploit large-scale unlabelled corpus. However, regardless of the success in NLU, the power of unsupervised pre-training is only partially excavated when it comes to natural language generation (NLG). The major obstacle stems from an idiosyncratic nature of NLG: Texts are usually generated based on certain context, which may vary with the target applications. As a result, it is intractable to design a universal architecture for pre-training as in NLU scenarios. Moreover, retaining the knowledge learned from pre-training when learning on the target task is also a non-trivial problem. This review summarizes the recent efforts to enhance NLG systems with unsupervised pre-training, with a special focus on the methods to catalyse the integration of pre-trained models into downstream tasks. They are classified into architecture-based methods and strategy-based methods, based on their way of handling the above obstacle. Discussions are also provided to give further insights into the relationship between these two lines of work, some informative empirical phenomenons, as well as some possible directions where future work can be devoted to. Unsupervised Pre-training for Natural Language Generation: A Literature Review

Source: Data Analytics & R